Learn the mechanical and handling characteristics of the
firearm you are using.
Not all firearms are the same. The method of carrying and
handling firearms varies in accordance with the mechanical
provisions for avoiding accidental discharge and the various
proper procedures for loading and unloading. No person
should handle any firearm without first having thoroughly
familiarized their self with the particular type of firearm he
is using, and with safe gun handling in general.
Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
Be sure of the bullet
stop behind your target, even when dry-firing. Never let the
muzzle of a firearm point at any part of your body or at
another person. This is particularly important when
loading or unloading a firearm. In the event of an
accidental discharge, no injury can occur as long as the
muzzle is pointing in a safe direction.
Firearms should be unloaded when not in use.
Firearms should be
loaded only when you are in the field or on the target range
or shooting area, ready to shoot. Firearms and
ammunition should be securely locked in racks or cabinets when
not in use. Ammunition should safely be stored
separate from firearms. Store your firearms out of sight
of visitors and children. It is the gun owners
responsibility to be certain that children and persons
unfamiliar with firearms cannot gain access to firearms or
Be sure the barrel is clear of obstructions.
Even a bit of mud, snow or excess
lubricating oil or grease in the bore may cause the barrel to
bulge, or even burst on firing and can cause injury to the
shooter. Be sure that you are using the ammunition of
the proper caliber and loading for the gun you are using.
If the report or recoil on firing seems weak, or doesn't seem
quite right cease firing immediately and
check to be sure that no obstruction has become lodged in the
barrel. Never try to shoot it out!!!.
Be sure of your target before you shoot.
Don't shoot unless you
know exactly where your bullet is going to strike. Be
sure of the bullet stop behind your target, even when
dry-firing with an unloaded gun. If you are in the field
hunting, do not fire at a movement or a noise. Take the
time to be absolutely cretin of your target before you pull
Wear shooting glasses and hearing protectors when you shoot.
All shooters should wear
protective shooting glasses and some form of hearing
protectors when shooting noise can damage hearing.
Never climb a tree or fence with a loaded firearm.
Put the firearm down
carefully before climbing a fince and unload it before
climbing or descending a tree or jumping over a ditch or other
obstruction. Never pull or push a loaded firearm toward
yourself or another person.
Don't shoot at a hard surface, or at water.
Bullets can glance off
many surfaces like rocks or the surface of water and travel in
unpredictable directions with considerable velocity.
Never transport a loaded firearm.
Firearms should always be unloaded
before being placed in a vehicle. A suitable
caring case or scabbard should be used to carry an unloaded
firearm to and from the shooting area.
Avoid alcoholic beverages when shooting.
Don't drink until the
day's shooting is over. Handling firearms while
under the influence of alcohol in any form constitutes a
criminal disregard for the safety of others. Also do not
handle or use firearms while taking any drugs or medication
which may impair your ability to act safely.